CURRENT AFFAIRS – 2022
JANUARY – 31, 2022
Nation remembers Mahatma Gandhi on his 74th death anniversary
- The nation is paying homage to Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi on his 74th death anniversary. The day is also observed as Martyrs’ Day. Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on this day in 1948.
- President Ram Nath Kovind laid a wreath at the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi at Rajghat in the national capital. Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid floral tributes.
ECI issues SOP for transportation of cash scrupulously during elections
- The Election Commission of India (ECI) has issued Standard Operating procedure (SOP) for transportation of cash scrupulously during the elections, when Model Code of Conduct is in force.
- The bank shall ensure that the cash vans of outsourced agencies/companies carrying that bank’s cash shall not, under any circumstances, carry cash of any third party or individuals except the banks.
- The outsourced agencies/companies shall carry letters or documents issued by the banks giving details of the cash released by the banks to them and carried by them for filling the ATMs and delivering cash at other branches, banks or currency chests.
Portugal’s ruling Socialist Party secures absolute majority in Parliament
- Portugal’s ruling Socialist Party (PS) has secured an absolute majority in Parliament as a result of the snap elections held on Sunday. Country’s Interior Ministry released the data after 99 per cent of the ballots had been counted. The counting is yet to conclude.
- Led by Prime Minister Antonio Costa, PS got 42 per cent of the votes and won 117 out of the 230 mandates thus Costa will retain the post. The Social Democratic Party is second with around 28 per cent.
- The Sunday elections in Portugal were called by President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa after the parliament failed to approve the state budget submitted by Costa’s socialist government this past fall.
India supplies 4th batch of medical assistance to Afghanistan
- As part of its ongoing humanitarian assistance, India has supplied the fourth batch of medical assistance consisting of three tons of essential life saving medicines to Afghanistan. The same was handed over to the Indira Gandhi Hospital, Kabul.
- External Affairs Ministry in a statement said that India stands committed to continue its special relationship with the people of Afghanistan and provide humanitarian assistance. In this endeavour, India had already supplied three shipments of medical assistance, consisting of 5 lakh doses of COVID vaccine and essential life saving medicines to Afghanistan.
North Korea conducts its biggest missile launch today; South Korea, Japan and US condemn the launch
- North Korea has conducted its biggest missile launch since 2017. South Korea reported that the launch took place at 07:52 local time today off North Korea’s east coast. Japan, South Korea and the US have all condemned the launch, the seventh test this month.
- The UN prohibits North Korea from ballistic and nuclear weapons tests and has imposed strict sanctions. The United States called on North Korea to “refrain from further destabilising acts”, in a statement issued by the US military’s Indo-Pacific Command.
First Woman President of Honduras
- Xiomara Castro was sworn in as the first woman president of Honduras. Honduras is a Central American country. Its capital is Tegucigalpa. It is located along the coast of Caribbean Sea.
- She is a leftist. That is, she is a socialist leader. She has promised to tackle the drug trafficking in the country. Also, she is to liberalize the strict abortion laws.
- Xiomara replaces President Orlando
- Honduras gained independence from Mexico in 1838. It is known for its Mesoamerican culture. Before Mexicans, Honduras was under Spain. And for this reason, Spanish is the most spoken language in the country.
- The country is predominantly dependent on agriculture. It is prone to natural disasters, especially hurricanes.
Australian Open Tennis: Rafael Nadal creates history by winning record 21st grand slam title
- In Tennis, Rafael Nadal created history by becoming the only player to win the most grand slam titles.
Ashleigh Barty wins her first Australian Open title
- World Number one Ashleigh Barty, won her first Australian Open title after defeating Danielle Collins of the United States in the Women’s Singles final at the Rod Laver Arena in Melbourne .
- op seed Barty defeated 27th seed Collins in straight sets, 6-3, 7-6.
- With the win, Barty became the first Australian to claim a Grand Slam title on home soil in 44 years since Christine O’Neill in 1978.
Science and Technology
North Korea Hwasong-12 missile
- North Korea launched its Hwasong-12 intermediate-range ballistic missile on January 30, 2022.
- Month of January was one of the busiest months of missile tests for North Korea.
- With the launch of Hwasong-12, the country highlights efforts of ensuring its reliable systems for delivery of nuclear warheads.
- Testing schedule started with the launch of new “hypersonic missile,” and later included long-range cruise missiles, short-range ballistic missiles which were launched from railcars & airports and underscoring its rapidly expanding and advancing arsenal in the midst of stalled denuclearisation talks.
- North Korea hasn’t tested its nuclear weapon or longest-range intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) since 2017. However, launch of Hwasong-12 signalled it could soon start such testing.